Effect of Music Therapy on Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
This study examines the effects of 6 different music therapy interventions on outcomes for neonates diagnosed with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome.
- Eligible Ages
- Over 28 Weeks
- Eligible Genders
- Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Infants who meet the following inclusion criteria will be eligible to participate in the study irrespective of race, religion, ethnicity, or gender: - Admitted to the NICU immediately postpartum - Gestational age 28 weeks or older - No identified hearing disorder - Do not have a diagnosed developmental disability (i.e. Down Syndrome) - Do not have Fetal Alcohol Syndrome - Medically cleared to participate in the study by nurse or neonatologist - Parent or legal guardian able/willing to give consent & complete the PBQ (Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire)
- Admitted to the NICU at any time other than immediately postpartum - Gestational age <28 weeks old - Has an identified hearing disorder - Has diagnosed developmental disability (i.e. Down syndrome) - Has Fetal Alcohol Syndrome - Is not medically cleared to participate in the study by the nurse or neonatologist - Parent or legal guardian unable/unwilling to give consent
- Study Type
- Intervention Model
- Crossover Assignment
- Intervention Model Description
- Counterbalancing will be achieved by assigning a different order of presentation of conditions for each group. Participants will remain in the study for two weeks, but continue to receive music therapy for the duration of their stay in the NICU.
- Primary Purpose
- Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
- Masking Description
- Parents of infants will be unaware of the interventions' effects. Outcomes Assessor will be unfamiliar with desired outcomes.
Song of Kin
|Voice (with or without guitar)- lullaby/ Holding meter||
|Simple rhythms using Remo Gato box will be played by the MT-BC using a 3rd to comfort, engage or sedate||
|Creating a consistent womb-like sound soundscape to comfort, engage or sedate||
|Provision of communicative vocalization-"parantese" to engage with infants, prosodic responses to infant cues (eye contact, body position)||
Tonal Vocal holding
|Providing a 'blanket of tone' to comfort, engage or sedate||
|If infant is awake, the muted shaker will be used to entrain to the infant's vital signs-to comfort, soothe or sedate||
- Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Study ContactJoanne Loewy, DA, LCAT, MT-BC
The purpose of this exploratory pilot study is to learn what, if any, effects live music therapy interventions have on the pacification, stabilization, and development of infants diagnosed with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS). Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome is a group of problems that occur in a newborn who has been exposed to illegal or prescription opiates while in the mother's womb. Participants will receive 6 music therapy sessions over a 14-day period based on a randomized treatment schedule of 6 different interventions.